There are five main skin types: normal, sensitive, combination, oily, and dry. Genetics is the main factor in determining skin type, however, lifestyle choices such as the products we apply to our skin also can influence a person’s complexion. It is important to have an understanding of your specific skin type so that you have a clearer idea of how to care for it, in order to keep your skin healthy. Each skin type has specific characteristics and symptoms which all require attention.
Normal skin stays fairly consistent without a lot of breakouts or blemishes. The skin type features small pores that are not easily blocked and not very visible. The skin tone is generally even, and there is a balance between dryness and oiliness. Normal skin is not generally sensitive; however, you should still be gentle when caring for it.
Normal skincare routines should involve cleansing in the morning and night with a product that doesn’t causes excessive dryness. This should be followed by moisturising with a product that does not over grease the skin. Both water-based and oil-based products are suitable for normal skin, so experiment with what you prefer.
Sensitive skin is difficult because it can have characteristics of dry, oily, or combination skin. However, it is also easily irritated to become itchy, red and painful. The triggers of irritation vary between people. Skincare for sensitive skin should be gentle, so be sure to avoid harsh chemical-based cleansers and skin products. Also, avoid abrasive products like scrubs because they can agitate the skin. Instead, try hypoallergenic skin products to cleanse. It is worth testing a small section of your skin before trying a new product in case you react to it. Thick moisturisers before bed are a blessing for sensitive skin as it helps to rehydrate your complexion.
Combination skin is the most common skin type, consisting of dry skin on some areas of the face, but an oily T-zone. Signs of combination skin are enlarged pores, blackheads and a shine on your forehead, nose, and chin.
To effectively treat combination skin, you need to find a routine that exfoliates but does not irritate. Try to use natural products without harsh chemicals or chemical fragrances. Use acne-fighting cleanser on the oily sections and a gentler product on the dry sections.
Oily skin produces extra sebum as a result of genetics and hormonal changes. Sebum is a substance that your body creates to keep skin soft and hydrated, however, when too much is produced it can clog pores, attract bacteria, and result in acne. Treating oily skin is much more complicated than simply ‘excessively washing and not moistening’. To care for oily skin correctly, you should lightly exfoliate to remove the build-up of dead skin cells and bacteria. Try using salicylic acid which naturally improves the health of your skin by penetrating deep into your pores. Remember to moisturise; but use a product that is light-weight, water-based, and noncomedogenic.
Dry skin can become cracked, rough, tight and itchy. This is because it does not produce enough sebum to keep your skin soft and subtle. People with dry skin often find that is not only a problem on their face but also on other parts of their body. To correctly care for dry skin, you should cleanse without using harsh abrasives or scrubs, and avoid harsh chemical cleansers. Focus on finding a moisturiser that works for you. Providing your skin with the moisture that it lacks is vital.
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